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CentOS 6 上安装 Gitlab

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gitlab

安装系统依赖

# yum -y groupinstall 'Development Tools' 'Additional Development'
# yum -y install readline readline-devel ncurses-devel gdbm-devel glibc-devel tcl-devel openssl-devel curl-devel expat-devel db4-devel byacc sqlite-devel gcc-c++ libyaml libyaml-devel libffi libffi-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel libxslt libxslt-devel libicu libicu-devel system-config-firewall-tui python-devel redis  

安装ruby

# curl -O http://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/1.9/ruby-1.9.3-p0.tar.gz  
# tar xzvf ruby-1.9.3-p0.tar.gz  
# cd ruby-1.9.3-p0

# ./configure --disable-install-doc

由于安装文档非常慢,这里禁止安装文档。 可选配置:

# ./configure --disable-install-doc --enable-shared --disable-pthread

编译安装:

# ./configure --disable-install-doc

编译前,如果可以的话,可以选择安装qt

# yum install qt-devel qtwebkit-devel
# export PATH=$PATH:/usr/lib64/qt4/bin

更新gem & 安装rails

新版ruby已经自带gem了,如果版本太低,可以更新下:

# gem update --system  
# gem update  
# gem install rails

安装gitolite

创建git & gitlab用户 同时加入同组

# adduser --system --shell /bin/bash --comment 'gitolite' --create-home --home-dir /home/git git
# adduser --shell /bin/bash --create-home --home-dir /home/gitlab gitlab
# usermod -a -G git gitlab
# usermod -a -G gitlab git
# sudo -H -u gitlab ssh-keygen -q -N '' -t rsa -f /home/gitlab/.ssh/id_rsa
# cp /home/gitlab/.ssh/id_rsa.pub /home/git/gitlab.pub
# chmod 0444 /home/git/gitlab.pub

fork源码,并安装

sudo -H -u git git clone -b gl-v304 https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitolite.git /home/git/gitolite

以下操作在git用户下进行

# su git
$ cd /home/git
$ git clone -b gl-v304 https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitolite.git /home/git/gitolite
$ mkdir bin
$ gitolite/install -ln /home/git/bin
$ bin/gitolite setup -pk /home/git/gitlab.pub

修正权限

# chmod -R g+rwX /home/git/repositories/
# chown -R git:git /home/git/repositories/
# chmod 750 /home/git

770铁定不行啊!!!!害我一直错误!!! 最后权限可以是750!!!

检测权限是否生效

# sudo -u gitlab -H git clone git@localhost:gitolite-admin.git /tmp/gitolite-admin

如果没有错误,删除clone下来的临时文件

# rm -rf /tmp/gitolite-admin

安装 pygments与bundle

在rhel以及centos下需要解决pygments问题

# curl http://python-distribute.org/distribute_setup.py | python  
# easy_install pip  
# pip install pygments  
# gem install bundler

安装补充依赖

# gem install ruby-debug19
# gem install charlock_holmes

安装gitlabhq

下载gitlabhq:

# su gitlab
$ cd /home/gitlab
$ git clone -b stable https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq.git gitlab

修改配置

$ cd /home/gitlab/gitlab/config
$ cp gitlab.yml.example gitlab.yml
$ cp database.yml.mysql database.yml
$ cp unicorn.rb.example unicorn.rb

注意修改三个配置文件里面的相关参数

现在安装一些依赖

# cd /home/gitlab/gitlab
# sudo -u gitlab -H bundle install --without development test sqlite postgres  --deployment

配置gitlab的git用户信息

# sudo -u gitlab -H git config --global user.email "gitlab@localhost"
# sudo -u gitlab -H git config --global user.name "Gitlab"

安装、初始化程序

# sudo gitlab
$ cd /home/gitlab/gitlab
$ RAILS_ENV=production rake db:setup
$ RAILS_ENV=production rake db:seed_fu  

运行&大功告成

$ bundle exec rails s -e production

如果要后台运行

$ nohup bundle exec rails s -e production > /home/gitlab/gitlab.log 2>&1 &

访问地址:

http://127.0.0.1:3000

默认的管理员和密码

user: admin@local.host
pass: 5iveL!fe

nginx配置

从gitlabhq下载nginx的配置脚本:https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlab-recipes/blob/master/nginx/gitlab

需要注意的是nginx的启动用户(nginx.conf)必须修改为gitlab

#user              nginx;
user              gitlab root;

启动脚本

从gitlabhq下载启动脚本:https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlab-recipes/blob/master/init.d/gitlab-centos

根据需要修改其中的参数,通常默认参数就能工作很好。

将脚本放在/etc/init.d中,然后加入自动启动列表:

# chkconfig --add gitlab
# chkconfig --levels 2345 gitlab on
# chkconfig --list|grep gitlab

最后的最后运行下列命令启动即可:

# service gitlabhq start

或者

# /etc/init.d/gitlab start

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